Projectile Point Timeline

This timeline shows the progression of projectile point technology in the North Carolina Piedmont using examples from the MOA’s extensive collection.

*Please note that the abbreviation BCE stands for Before Common Era and is the equivalent of BC. CE stands for Common Era and is the equivalent of AD.

Paleo-Indian (12,000 BCE – 7500 BCE)

Clovis (12,000 BCE – 9000 BCE)

Clovis point

Hardaway (8500 BCE – 7000 BCE)

Hardaway point
Hardaway point

Early Archaic (7500 BCE – 6000 BCE)

Palmer (7500 BCE – 6500 BCE)

Palmer point
Palmer point

Big Sandy (7000 BCE – 6000 BCE)

Big Sandy point
Big Sandy point

LeCroy (6500 BCE – 6000 BCE)

LeCroy point
LeCroy point

Kirk (6500 BCE – 5500 BCE)

Kirk point
Kirk point

Middle Archaic (6000 BCE – 3000 BCE)

Stanly (6000 BCE – 4000 BCE)

Stanly point
Stanly point

Morrow Mountain I
(5250 BCE – 4500 BCE)

Morrow Mountain I point
Morrow Mountain I point

Morrow Mountain II
(4750 BCE – 4000 BCE)

Morrow Mountain II point
Morrow Mountain II point

Guilford (4250 BCE – 3000 BCE)

Guilford point
Guilford point

Halifax (3500 BCE – 2500 BCE)

Halifax point
Halifax point

Late Archaic (3000 BCE – 1000 BCE)

Savannah River
(3000 BCE – 1000 BCE)

Savannah River point
Savannah River point

Early & Middle Woodland (1000 BCE – 750 CE)

Badin (1000 BCE – 500 CE)

Badin point
Badin point

Gypsy (500 BCE – 500 CE)

Gypsy point
Gypsy point

Yadkin (250 BCE – 750 CE)

Yadkin point
Yadkin point

Late Woodland (750 CE – 1500 CE)

Uwharrie (750 CE – 1250 CE)

Uwharrie point
Uwharrie point

Pee Dee (750 CE – 1500 CE)

Pee Dee point
Pee Dee point

Caraway (1000 CE – 1750 CE)

Caraway point
Caraway point

Historic (1500 CE – 2000 CE)

Randolph (1500 CE – 1750 CE)

Randolph point
Randolph point

Musket Ball (1600 CE – 1850 CE)

Musket ball
musket ball

Minié Ball (1850 CE – 1875 CE)

Minie Ball

Cartridge Bullet
(1850 CE – Present)

Cartridge bullet